1. She celebrates two birthdays

One on her actual birthday of April 21 and her official birthday on the second Saturday in June (the 11th this year) – so that there is a greater likelihood of good weather for the Birthday Parade

  1. Her actual birthday will be marked publicly by gun salutes in central London at midday

There’ll be a 41 gun salute in Hyde Park, 21 gun salute at in Windsor Great Park and a 62 gun salute at the Tower of London

  1. She celebrated her 80th birthday in 2006 with a walkabout in the streets outside of Windsor Castle to meet well-wishers
  2. She was originally third in line to the throne and was never expected to be Queen

That all changed when her uncle, Edward VIII, abdicated in 1936

  1. She spent her honeymoon in 1947 in Broadlands, Hampshire and Birkhall on the Balmoral Estate
  2. There have been 12 Prime Ministers during her reign

They are Winston Churchill; Sir Anthony Eden; Harold Macmillan; Sir Alec Douglas-Home; Harold Wilson; Edward Heath; James Callaghan; Margaret Thatcher; John Major; Tony Blair, Gordon Brown and David Cameron

  1. Tony Blair was the first Prime Minister to have been born during Elizabeth’s reign

In May 1953 – a month before The Queen’s coronation

  1. There have also been 12 US presidents during her reign

Harry S Truman; Dwight D Eisenhower; John F Kennedy; Lyndon B Johnson; Richard Nixon; Gerald Ford; Jimmy Carter; Ronald Reagan; George H W Bush; Bill Clinton; George W Bush and Barack Obama

  1. She has a big family

Four children, eight grandchildren and (to date) five great-grandchildren

  1. The British Monarchy has its own Facebook account

But you are not allowed to ‘poke’ Her Majesty

  1. Her official wedding cake was made by McVitie and Price Ltd

Yes, as in digestive biscuits. Because of rationing restrictions the wedding cake was made using “ingredients given as a wedding present by the Australian Girl Guides”

  1. The Queen owns all the dolphins, whales and sturgeons within three miles of the UK shore
  2. She was a budding actress

As a teenager she performed alongside her younger sister Margaret in a number of pantomimes. She played Price Florizel in Cinderella in 1941

  1. She is also a keen photographer
  2. She enjoys the occasional photobomb

Her first reported photobomb was during the 2014 Commonwealth Games

  1. Her first radio broadcast was in 1940

It was a message to the children of the Commonwealth, many of whom were living away from home during the Second World War

  1. She’s a fan of Ali G

According to Prince William, Ali G impressions give her the giggles

  1. The Queen sent her first email in 1976 from an army base
  2. Princess Elizabeth was known as Lilibet as a young girl

She also nicknamed her sister, Princess Margaret, Bud

Sisters: Elizabeth and Margaet (PA)

  1. When she gave birth to Prince Andrew in 1960 she became the first reigning sovereign to have a child since 1857 since Queen Victoria celebrated the arrival of Princess Beatrice
  2. The Queen has visited 117 countries

According to the official count, and has travelled at least 1,032,513 miles during her reign

  1. Pub hours are to be extended for her official 90th birthday

Pubs will be able to stay open an extra two hours on June 10 and 11 until 1am

  1. She sent her first tweet from @BritishMonarchy in 2014

Which read: “It is a pleasure to open the Information Age exhibition today at the @ScienceMuseum and I hope people will enjoy visiting. Elizabeth R

  1. The account currently has 2.15 million followers
  2. Since 1952 The Queen has personally held over 660 Investitures
  3. She has had a lifelong passion for horses

Her Majesty’s first pony, Peggy was given to her by King George V when she was four years old. She attends the Derby at Epsom every year, as well as the Summer Race Meeting at Ascot

  1. The Queen hosted the first women-only event ‘Women of Achievement’ at Buckingham Palace in March, 2004
  2. Her Majesty has sent more than 710,000 messages to couples celebrating their Diamond Weddings in the UK and the realms
  3. The Queen is believed to be the only monarch in British History to have been properly trained to change a flat tyre

When she served with the Number 1 Beaufront Company, Auxiliary Territorial Service during the Second World War

  1. The Queen is patron of 626 charities, organisations and military regiments

The patronages and charities cover a wide range of issues, including everything from providing opportunities for young people to the preservation of wildlife and the environment

  1. The Queen is fluent in French

She first learned it from a number of French and Belgian governesses when she in her teens. She has often used it when speaking to ambassadors and heads of state from French-speaking countries, and when visiting French-speaking areas of Canada

  1. On the evening of her birthday, Her Majesty will light the

 

  1. She first learned to drive in 1945, when she joined the Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS) as a Subaltern
  2. The Queen is a bit of a cake fiend

One of her favourites is honey and cream sponge

  1. She has sat for 139 official portraits during her lifetime
  2. Her Majesty also sat for her first and only holographic portrait in 2003
  3. She has owned more than 30 corgis during her reign
  4. Her first corgi, Susan, was given to her as an 18th birthday present in 1944 and accompanied her on her honeymoon
  5. The Queen now only has two corgis left

After the star of the Olympic Games opening ceremony film, Monty, died in 2012, only Holly and Willow are left

  1. She introduced a new breed of dog known as the dorgi when she mated one of her corgis with a dachshund

She currently owns two dorgis, Candy and Vulcan

  1. Each dog has its own individually designed dinner and they are fed in order of seniority

Meals include fillet steak, chicken breast and home-made gravy, rabbits shot by William or Harry, and scones crumbled up into their bowls for a treat

  1. Tragically, The Queen will not be continuing her tradition of breeding her dogs to replace the ones that pass away
  2. Her Majesty is Britain’s longest reigning monarch, having reigned for 64 years and two months

Only five other monarchs in British History have reigned for 50 years or more. Victoria (63 years); George III (59 years); Henry III (56 years); Edward III (50 years) and James VI and I (58 years)

  1. Elizabeth overtook Victoria’s record on the evening of September 9, 2015 as the longest reigning monarch

Having reigned for 23,226 days, 16 hours and 30 minutes

  1. Her Coronation was the first ever to be televised
  2. There are 11 sculptures of The Queen in existence
  3. She was the first British Monarch ever to visit China when she went there in 1986
  4. Prince George calls his great-grandmother “Gan-Gan”
  5. The Queen owns a cushion at Balmoral with an embroidered slogan that reads: “It’s good to be Queen”
  6. 1992 was not a good year for her

A fire broke out at Windsor Castle and her three of her children’s marriages broke down – Prince Charles, Prince Andrew and Princess Anne. She called it her “annus horribilis” (horrible year)

  1. She owns all of the cygnets on the Thames

She first claimed ownership of the cygnets in 2005. They are looked after by the Swan Marker

  1. The Queen’s signature single-colour outfit is usually chosen to help make her stand out in a big crowd

There are 15 Commonwealth Realms in addition to the UK: Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Jamaica, Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, Papua New Guinea, St Christopher and Nevis, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Tuvalu, Barbados, Grenada, Solomon Islands, St Lucia and The Bahamas

  1. She is the reigning monarch in 16 countries

There are 15 Commonwealth Realms in addition to the UK: Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Jamaica, Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, Papua New Guinea, St Christopher and Nevis, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Tuvalu, Barbados, Grenada, Solomon Islands, St Lucia and The Bahamas

  1. About1.45 million people have attended Garden Parties at Buckingham Palace or the Palace of Holyroodhouse
  2. The Queen is believed to be the only monarch in British History to have been properly trained to change a flat tyre

When she served with the Number 1 Beaufront Company, Auxiliary Territorial Service during the Second World War

  1. The Queen is patron of 626 charities, organisations and military regiments

The patronages and charities cover a wide range of issues, including everything from providing opportunities for young people to the preservation of wildlife and the environment

  1. The Queen is fluent in French

She first learned it from a number of French and Belgian governesses when she in her teens. She has often used it when speaking to ambassadors and heads of state from French-speaking countries, and when visiting French-speaking areas of Canada

  1. On the evening of her birthday, Her Majesty will light the first beacon in a train of more than 900 beacons across the country & worldwide
  2. The largest ever display of The Queen’s wardrobe opens on Thursday, April 21 at the Palace of Holyroodhouse
  3. The first Royal ‘Walkabout’ took place during The Queen’s tour of Australia and New Zealand in 1970

57 She loves a good soap

The Queen has walked the set of Coronation Street, visited Eastenders’ Queen Vic and witnessed an explosion on Emmerdale

  1. She has distributed Maundy money (the ancient ceremony that takes place every Easter) to pensioners on all but four occasions since 1952

These were two occasions during official tours and another two due to the birth of her youngest sons

  1. The Queen is informed about matters affecting the realms and Commonwealth on every day of every year
  2. She has launched 23 ships during her lifetime

Her first was HMS Vanguard on November 30, 1944 in Clydebank, Scotland. Her first ship launched as Queen was the Britannia, also from Clydebank

  1. Her Majesty’s first Commonwealth tour began on November 24, 1953

In total she covered 12 countries and a distance of 43,618 miles

  1. She is the 40th monarch since William the Conqueror obtained the crown of England on Christmas Day 1066
  2. She is the oldest monarch to have celebrated a Golden Jubilee 

In 2002, at the age of 76

  1. She was the first British Monarch to celebrate her diamond wedding anniversary (60 years) on November 20, 2007
  2. Due to the rationing in place in Britain at the time, Princess Elizabeth used coupons to buy the material for her wedding dress
  3. She has received a number of live animals as gifts over the years

These have included two tortoises given to her during a tour of the Seychelles in 1972; a bull elephant called Jumbo, which was presented by the president of Cameroon in 1972 to mark the Queen’s Silver wedding anniversary; two black beavers during a royal visit to Canada; a live jaguar; beavers and some sloths

  1. She has also received various other unusual gifts

Including a pair of cowboy boots gifted to her during a visit to the US, sunglasses, pineapples and seven kg of prawns

  1. Her Majesty was christened Elizabeth Alexandra Mary in the private chapel at Buckingham Palace

She was named after her mother, while her two middle names are those of her paternal great-grandmother, Queen Alexandra and paternal grandmother, Queen Mary

  1. The Queen has penned more than 45,000 Christmas cards during her reign, and has given out upwards of 90,000 Christmas puddings to staff
  2. Since 1952 she has given royal assent to more than 3,500 Acts of Parliament
  3. Princess Elizabeth was a keen swimmer

At the age of 13 she won the Children’s Challenge Shield at London’s Bath Club

  1. No other Sovereign has visited as many places in Britain as during her Silver Jubilee in 1977

During the summer of that year she embarked on the six jubilee tours in the UK and Northern Ireland, covering 36 counties in just three months

  1. The Queen’s horses have won races at Ascot several times

In June 1954 Landau won the Rous Memorial Stakes and a stallion called Aureole won the Hardwicke Stakes, and in 1957 she had a total of four winners during Ascot Week

  1. She loves Scottish country dancing

Every year during her stay at Balmoral Castle she give dances known as Gillies’ Balls for neighbours, estate and Castle staff and members of the local community

  1. The royal yacht Britannia, launched by the Queen in 1953, travelled more than a million miles on royal and official duties until it was decommissioned in 1997
  2. She travelled on the London Underground for the first time in May 1939
  3. The first football match she attended was the 1953 FA Cup Final

The famous Matthews final, when Blackpool beat Bolton 4-3

  1. The first time Buckingham Palace was opened to the public was in 1962 

That year a public gallery was opened in the palace’s private chapel

  1. The Queen has made a Christmas broadcast to the Commonwealth every year of her reign except 1969

That year, a repeat of the film ‘Royal Family’ was shown and a written message from The Queen issued instead

  1. The Queen sent a message of congratulations to Apollo 11 astronauts for the first moon landing on July 21, 1969
  2. The Queen hosted Pope John Paul II at Buckingham Palace in 1982

He was the first pontiff to visit Britain in 450 years

  1. The Queen visited a British mosque for the first time in July 2002
  2. She is Patron of a number of racing societies

Including the Royal Pigeon Racing Association

  1. Her wedding ring was made from Welsh gold, which came from the Clogau St David’s mine near Dolgellau
  2. The Queen has the largest pink diamond in the world in her jewellery collection
  3. Buckingham Palace’s first official website was launched in 1997
  4. Her wedding dress was designed by Sir Norman Hartnell 

It was woven at Winterthur Silks Limited, Dunfermline, in the Canmore factory, using silk that had come from Chinese silkworms at Lullingstone Castle

  1. The Queen’s racing colours are purple body with gold braid, scarlet sleeves and black velvet cap with gold fringe
  2. Her Majesty is somewhat of a musical connoisseur

She was the first member of the Royal Family to be awarded a gold disc after selling 100,000 copies of the CD of the ‘Party at the Palace’ concert

  1. She has overseen a massive population increase since she was born

The UK’s population has grown from 45.2m in 1926 to 65.1m today. And London has grown from 7.5m through to 8.6 million.